quarta-feira, 8 de agosto de 2012

The Rosary Of The Virgin Mary (Biblical Prayer)

                                                                Mary Jordan * Pessatti*

The current form of the Rosary had its development in the second half of the fifteenth century, based on several earlier forms and rudimentary.A very old tradition says that the monks of the East - especially those based in Egypt - used to count the prayers that were vocal, making use of pebbles or beads.As we passed through the fingers of the hand the account of the Rosary, each Hail Mary we pray, so they, when praying the Our Fathers and Hail Marys, replacing the 150 psalms of the Bible, these prayers counted using small stones.

Later, finding more practical method to account the Our Fathers and Hail Marys, instead of using small stones, came to shove "accounts" (small lumps of fruit) into a kind of string or did "we" in a string These strings or cords ..., trimmed of "accounts" or "we" were widespread during the tenth and eleventh centuries, being baptized as the Latin names of "praéculae" (short prayers), cómputum (calculation) of signacula Our Father (Lord's Prayer markers).

This was the first draft of our current Rosary or Rosary. "Rosary" derives from "pink". Considering the Hail Mary a rose "to the bare feet of the Virgin Mary, all the Hail Marys of this devotion was given the name" Rosario ", formerly called" Marian Psalter "or" Psalter of Mary. "DEVELOPMENT

The moments of the historical development of the Rosary can be fixed in the arch that extends from the twelfth century (12) to the sixteenth century (16). Remember that the Ave Maria was composed by the Archangel Gabriel, by St. Elizabeth and the Church. Gabriel sang: Hail (rejoice), full of grace, the Lord is with you (Luke 1:28); Santa Isabel continued: Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of your womb (Luke, 1, 42), the Church * and completed by adding at the end of the first part of the name of Jesus and making up the entire second half.In the monasteries of old monks recited the Divine Office; literate monks prayed the 150 Psalms of the Bible, the less literate monks, without condition to accompany the psalmody, replaced by the 150 Psalms 150 Our Fathers or Hail Marys 150. Hence the Rosary is also known as "Marian Psalter." Over time, "Marian Psalter" was subdivided into three parts, each containing 50 Hail Marys recited at different times of day, in the manner of the Divine Office.

Many attribute the institution of the Rosary to St. Dominic (1170-1221). Historically speaking, does not seem right. The "Marian Psalter", in fact, appears before the birth of St. Dominic. The great merit of this holy and religious founded by him (Friars Preachers) is to have used this popular and widely circulated prayer.


In the fourteenth century, the monk Henry Kalkar made a subdivision of the Psalter Mariano, dividing the 15 Hail Marys in dozens (now the mysteries), by inserting between one and another prayer of the Our Father. In the fifteenth century came into use also the "utterance" and "meditation" of the mysteries. As the Marian Psalter was to be known, certain Christian communities began to use many different "mysteries."

In practice, the enunciation of the mysteries varied from community to community. Then, in 1521, the Dominican FATHER ALBERTO CASTLE reduced the number of mysteries, choosing the top 15 and proposing them to the meditation of the faithful. The form of the Rosary by widespread FATHER ALBERTO CASTLE was gradually imposing itself on others.


Between 1410 and 1439 the monk Dominic of Prussia (Cologne, Germany) proposed a form of faithful Marian Psalter of 50 Hail Marys. It would be what today we call the "Third", ie a third of the Rosary.There was an attempt to reduce the extent of the Rosary, but to give it new vigor. The monk had to add that at the conclusion of the first part of the Hail Mary, a reference to an explicit verbal Gospel event, the way of explanatory clause contemplated the mystery, custom, still popular today. Pope John Paul II, Apostolic Letter Rosarium Virginis Mariae (SVR 33), also remember this way of praying the Rosary. Example: Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee, blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb Jesus, (the third day rose from the dead). Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our morte.Amém.Blessed ALANO The Rupe, Dominican priest (1.428-1.1478), was a true apostle of spreading the Marian Psalter, which thereafter began to be called "Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary."

But Alan himself has talked about two types: older Rosario and Rosario again.The former was a simple recitation of the Hail Marys, and the new, the recitation of the Hail Mary with the meditation of the mysteries offered in three parts: the Incarnation, Passion and Death of Christ, the glory of Christ and his Mother, Mary (Joyful Mysteries , sorrowful and glorious). Pope Pius V established the form of the Rosary, September 17, 1569, through the Bull Consueverunt Romani Pontiffs.

Since then, the Rosary is no longer a private prayer of Marian confraternities and extends to the whole church.Pope John Paul II with the Apostolic Letter Rosarium Virginis Mariae (SVR) of 16 October 2002, added the mysteries of light or bright moments that focus on five very significant public life of Jesus Christ.

The insertion of the mysteries of light fills in some sense, a kind of gap that existed between the joyful mysteries (birth and childhood) and painful (Passion and Death of Jesus).Here are the basic features of the Rosary, according to the teaching of the Church. It is an evangelical prayer, Christ, Church, contemplative, and finally, a prayer of the poor, because it teaches us the path of simplicity, poverty of spirit. Discourage the Rosary is to rob the poor spiritual bread each day.

(This article draws on different sources: ED staid, Rosario, in Nuovo Dizionario di Mariology Ed.Paoline, Milano 1986; ANGELOWALS, Rosario II, Encyclopedia Mariana "Theotokos," Ed.Massimo (2nd. Ed.) PAUL VI, Apostolic Exhortation Marialis Cultus, Rome 1974, John Paul II, Apostolic Letter Rosarium Virginis Mariae, Rome 2002).

*****NOTE ON THE AUTHOR OF THIS ARTICLE. *JULIO MARIA PESSATTIJulio, BMI, is Secretary of the Consolata Missions Institute and member of the Marian Academy Our Lady Aparecida.(Text published in the Journal Missions (mission plural) - Issue May 2012, n.04, pgs. 24/25.

Comment by Antoni BigCuore * - As shown, the Rosary was not merely a human creation, meaningless, a whim of someone, but he had DIVINE INSPIRATION, so that the origin lies in the very quote from the Archangel Gabriel to Mary, as explained in article.

The Magisterium of the Church, over time, has been perfecting this very beautiful and popular prayer. Therefore, contrary to what many people misinformed says, THIRD IS A BIBLICAL PRAYER YES! All mysteries are set in the Gospel of Jesus Christ. (My italics).http://antonibigcuore.blogspot.com and www.recantodasletras.com.br/autores/antonibigcuore

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